Many architecture styles have their defining characteristics and represent their respective historical time periods. For example, and most notably, the Victorian Era (in UK, US, Australia) occurred during mid to late 19th Century and saw the likes of “Dollhouse” buildings, or Romanesque Era (in Europe) which occurred in late 10th Century.
Today’s architecture is mainly characterized as Modernism, of the 20th Century, with styles drawn from Futurism, Post-modern, and New classical. Modernist architecture is mainly characterized as low buildings, with a lack of decorative, utilizing glass and natural light to manipulate the sun and shade to that of a person’s comfort, and utilizing new materials such as steel.
Figure 1: Guggenheim gallery, New York. Source: https://interactive.wttw.com/sites/default/files/styles/tenbuildings_hero/public/tenbuildings/TM600ss_0.jpg
Figure 2: Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles. Source: Nash Photos/Getty Images. A good example of steel being used to shape the structural integrity of the building’s construction. Steel is increasingly becoming an aesthetic that architects are experimenting with, in some cases experimenting with rust, polishing it over for a high shine of bronzing. This particular building, though, is stainless-steel.
Figure 3: Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, Source: MOCA via Facebook. This museum uses mirror-finished black stainless steel for the six-sided structure, the reflective panels respond to the weather changes, giving a constantly changing perception for visitors within the museum.
Figure 4: Luneburg University Libesking Building, Hamburg, Germany. Source: https://www.behance.net/gallery/73542191/Leuphana-University-Lueneburg
Figure 5: Inside the Libesking Building, shows the use of sunlight and shade to create a comfortable atmosphere.
Figure 6: Harpa Reykjavik Concert Hall, Iceland. Source: https://jcbvisuals.com/photographing-harpa-concert-hall/ This stunning concert hall is a good example of the new material glass being used in modernist architecture.