Nature has been evolving structures for billions of years, constantly searching for better and better designs for the nearly infinite needs of living things. And it’s done and extremely good job. Biomimicry is the idea that we can imitate these designs created by evolution and use them for our own needs.
The aesthetic of biomimicry involves complex structures and intricate details with organic curves and flowing surfaces. Biomimetic structures tend to look more like they were grown than built, and have an organic and irregular feel. This can come from copying familiar structures like leaves, as seen in these light fixtures designed by Nervous System.
Or biomimicry can be more loosely interpreted, like this other light fixture designed by David Trubridge. It’s not based on any particular plant or animal, but it’s patterns and curves give it the aesthetic of a living thing.
Even widely recognized principles of design can be traced back to biological origins. The golden ratio, used in every type of design from architecture to logo design to fine art, was discovered by observing its appearance in nature. Nautilus shells follow the exponential spiral defined by the golden ratio, as do the spirals of seeds and branches of many types of plants.
We can also use biomimicry for practical designs like this 3d printed cast. The density of the mesh can be varied according to the part of a broken bone that needs the most stabilization, while the rest of the arm can have looser mesh in order to allow for more breathability.
By imitating living things in our products, designs and architecture, we can create things that are both incredibly beautiful and functional.
Photo 1: http://www.levinegabriella.com/exploringbiomimicry/ciid/2013/07/16/two-biomimetic-examples/
Photo 2: https://www.davidtrubridge.com/collection/lighting/navicula/
Photo 3: https://n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/blog/?p=4099
Photo 4: https://sites.google.com/a/maret.org/advanced-math-7-final-project-2014/math-in-everyday-life/the-golden-ratio-in-the-word-around-us
Photo 5: https://forum.dynamobim.com/t/dynamo-generated-voronoi-3d-printed-arm-cast/18639