Aesthetic Explorations: The Utility of Maps

I am a strong believer that everything I own must have a purpose.  This purpose could be physical or abstract, but should have enough of an impact for me to NOT throw it away each time I move.  If it does not have a function, do I need it?

If a stranger were to walk into my house, they may look around and see a bunch of old junk strategically placed on the walls, shelves, and mantles.  When I look around my home, each artifact evokes positive emotions and memories of fun times and places.  There are old lobster pots I found (accidently caught) while fishing, buoys that floated up in a riptide while I was surfing with my friends, and images of my travels across the country.

To further build on this, I have maps (bike trails, national parks, etc) hung around my garage and house.  I always found maps appealing and useful; maps guide you when you are fishing on the ocean, wandering in the mountains, or even navigating a new city.  Physical maps are certainly underappreciated, especially since everything is so readily available on the internet.  Almost daily, 50 million people use a smart phone mapping app[1].  What percentage of these people own, use, and appreciate physical paper maps?  If given a map, could these people navigate to their destination?

I believe that maps can be an art form, and an eye pleasing aesthetic.  Not only do they have a function, but they can also tell a story, and even highlight a journey.  It wasn’t until 2009, when I took a GIS (geographical information systems) class at Clarkson University that I realized maps could tell a story and help make decisions.

There are questions as to who created the first map, but early maps date back to 7th millennium BCE.  [2]The map pictured below was created around 7000BC in a location known today as Turkey.  [3]

Camonica Valley rock art, an early topographical map

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Paspardo_roccia_Vite29_rilievo_foto.jpg

Figure 1:   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paspardo_roccia_Vite29_rilievo_foto.jpg

Even maps dating back thousands of years are able to tell a story about the bias, influence, and state of world affairs.  Countries were often portrayed as being larger than others, simply due to the artist’s rendering.

Hand drawn navigation routes

https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/maps-ancient-world-hand-drawn-map-middle-ages-draw-detailed-navigation-routes-time-overall-production-exquisite-39807254.jpg

Figure 2: https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/maps-ancient-world-hand-drawn-map-middle-ages-draw-detailed-navigation-routes-time-overall-production-exquisite-39807254.jpg Shipping routes around the world as seen in 1630

http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/160000/velka/ancient-world-map-from-1689.jpg

Figure 3: http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/160000/velka/ancient-world-map-from-1689.jpg old map from 1689

These old maps from the 1600’s not only are visually appealing, featuring stories and pictures, but they also could have been functional maps, featuring longitudinal/latitudinal lines, and complete labels.

Fast forward a few thousand years to 2017, when satellite images and other data is readily available.  Maps and satellite images seem less likely to be manipulated, but can still be appreciated and utilized as a functional art form.  Digitalglobe, a satellite imaging and mapping company, has an art exhibit in Terminal A of the Denver airport–https://www.flydenver.com/about/art_culture/centennial_state_space.  This is certainly a perfect example of how map and satellite images can be used as an aesthetic.

In 2009, I created these custom maps and satellite images which are neatly hanging on my wall as a reminder of all the great powder skiing I did back in Vermont.  These very maps, seen below, helped to create memories like these:

Figure 4: Jay Peak, Vermont Backcountry. Taken circa 2009

Figure 5: Map created using tree cover data and homegrown gps files

Figure 6: Master map of the whole Jay county area

Custom maps created using GIS and public data.

Figure 7: Using maps to find powder.

To me, maps are the ultimate aesthetic.  They have a function, can stir up old memories, and can be nice to look at.

Below are more examples of some nice looking maps that some may also consider art.

http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Arts/Arts_/Pictures/2009/11/26/1259233799113/Original-drawing-for-the–005.jpg

Figure 8: http://www.bevseay.com/news/maps-art-or-wayfinding/ information, art, and design combined into one

 

https://eminjaydesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/new-york-state-map-print-1-960×1188.jpg Typography map

Figure 9

Other interesting links:

http://maphead.blogspot.com/

https://www.mapsasart.com/

 

 

[1] http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2013/06/11/four-reasons-for-google-to-buy-waze/#6342e7cc1433

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartography#History

[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paspardo_roccia_Vite29_rilievo_foto.jpg

Previous Post
Aesthetic Explorations: The Golden Gate Bridge
Next Post
Aesthetic Exploration: Camouflage

3 Comments. Leave new

  • Loved the post Ben. I completely agree that the ability to read/use a paper map is slimming out not that smart phones do everything foe them. I also really liked the creative map of New York. Something that has both functional and nonfunctional qualities.

    Reply
  • Benjamin Fried
    Dean Alibrandi
    January 29, 2017 9:08 am

    Benjamin, I enjoyed reading your article. I agree with the idea that maps can tell a story and think that they also help capture memories of being in that certain location, which can be very powerful. I prefer paper maps sometimes because I enjoy the fact that it is not physically connected to your exact location, and you yourself must put yourself in the right spot instead of having a GPS do it for you. Its also great for taking notes and marking new landmarks and places that are not already included. And the best part is that once your done exploring you know have a great physical memoir to remember where you have been.

    Reply
  • Benjamin Fried
    Scott Lowenstein
    January 27, 2017 10:06 am

    Great post, Benjamin! I really liked your explanation of your personal motivation for enjoying the aesthetic of maps. I also think maps have beauty in their utility and design, and it was very interesting to see examples of these different works across time and used for various purposes. It is very cool that you were able to create your own based on your ski adventures. In a future post I would love to see images of current / recent created maps that you also find visually appealing. Great job!

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Fill out this field
Fill out this field
Please enter a valid email address.

Menu